Greenhouse Gases top
The 2005 Canadian government information on Climate Change estimates
that you produce 3 tonnes of CO2 if you drive a
mid-sized car 15,000 km a year and another 4 tonnes to cover heating,
lighting and other appliances, totaling 7 tonnes of CO2 per
An acre of mature trees can capture 2.6 tonnes of CO2 per
The Kyoto target for Canada is to reduce our CO2 output
by 6% of 1990 levels by 2012.
A sixth of an acre of trees can capture 430Kg of CO2 per
year, which is 6% of your annual CO2 production.
So one way to meet your personal Kyoto target of a 6% reduction of CO2
is to secure a sixth of an acre of trees.
To absorb your entire personal CO2 production requires
almost 3 acres of trees.
Many dismiss the Kyoto target as impractical, impossible, ineffective - but if
we do nothing then we are headed for disaster. Only by many of us acting
individually can we make a real difference.
An acre of trees absorb enough carbon dioxide in a year
to equal the amount produced when you drive a car 26,000 miles (41,000 km).
(North Carolina State University).
An acre of trees will trap the CO2
produced by driving a car 14,000 km or 8,700 miles, or 2.6 tons of CO2
. (Source: International Society of Arboriculture)
There has been a 30% increase in atmospheric CO2 over
the past 200 years. The soil is the largest terrestrial source of CO2.
In hotter regions, organic matter decomposes quickly, releasing its CO2.
In more temperate climates, such as North America and Europe, organic matter
can stay in the first metre of soil for 1000 years or more. There is at
least twice as much carbon in the first metre of soil than there is in the
atmosphere. Clear-cutting increases the soil temperature and hence speeds
the release of CO2 from forest that would
otherwise remain trapped for a long time.
(Source: Progress Research & Discovery 2005, Kellman Beltrami, St Francis
Oxygen needs top
The amount of woodland needed to produce enough breathable oxygen
for one person is a matter of debate. Estimates range from as low
as two trees through to as much as 0.1 acres / 0.04 hectares. So
dedicating a sixth of an acre will not only produce
all the oxygen you need, but will also help reduce your personal greenhouse gas
A typical tree produces about 260 pounds of oxygen each year. Two trees can
supply a personís oxygen needs. This is a conservative estimate based on the
average annual oxygen consumption for a person at rest of 400 pounds a year.
(Source: David Nowak, USDA Forest Service, Syracuse, NY)
Forest Management top
This is an extract from Mitigating and
Adapting to Climate Change Through the Conservation of Nature By Sara
J. Wilson and Richard J. Hebda, which was produced by the Land Trust Alliance
of British Columbia:
"The immense stores of carbon in existing ecosystems are of great importance
for both mitigation and adaptation of climate change, especially compared to
the potential of removing atmospheric carbon by planting new forests. First,
carbon storage in young forests takes a long time especially in terms of
replacing lost carbon. Second, because there is so little time to slow global
warming, the priority should be on preventing carbon losses and conserving the
carbon stores that exist. Third, by protecting existing ecosystems there will
be a wide range of habitat to provide connecting corridors for plant and animal
migration as the climate warms. Fourth, the protection of intact ecosystems
provides resiliency for ecosystems and the communities that depend upon them."
This paragraph is good summary of the philosophy of Trees In Trust.
As far as is possible, your woodland is left completely undisturbed to allow
natural regeneration and to maximize the environmental and wildlife
benefits. Your woodland is protected by the strongest possible laws
available, with the aim of protecting the ecological integrity of the woodland
forever. Click here for details on
how each piece of woodland is protected and click
here for detailed information on the history and ecology of the various
Trees In Trust woodlands.
The land trust that manages your woodland is a charitable not-for-profit
organization that exists primarily to secure and protect environmentally
important forested areas and other endangered land. By dedicating a plot
of woodland, the future of that plot is assured. The plot is held in
perpetuity in the name of the purchaser, or in memorial of a departed friend or
Clear-cutting is an all too common practice, devastating when it occurs in
Brazilian rain-forest but just as damaging to the local wildlife when it occurs
at home. Mono-cultures of pine and spruce are of limited value to
wildlife and, when felled, are of no value. The ideal mix of trees is
always of native hardwoods and softwoods. Huge areas of native
old-growth forest are being clear-cut each year and they are often re-planted
with high value softwoods - that is high value to the corporations, not high
value to the wildlife and the environment. Natural woodland
containing a mix of native species not only protects against the potential of
disease wiping out the entire forest but also provides a much better home for
native wildlife and migratory birds. As noted above by Kellman Beltrami,
mature woodland can trap CO2 for up to 1000 years.
Prince Edward Island
Island Nature Trust
Hunter-Clyde Watershed Group
Prince Edward Island Eco-Net
Nature Trust of New Brunswick
New Brunswick Environmental Network
Ontario Nature www.ontarionature.org
Saugeen Conservation www.svca.on.ca
Meewasin Valley Authority www.meewasin.com
The Green Pages www.thegreenpages.ca (an
excellent resource with a page for each province)
Tree Canada www.treecanada.ca
Canadian Model Forest Network
Canadian Boreal Initiative
World Resources Institute www.wri.org
The Orion Network www.orionsociety.org
(an excellent on-line magazine)
Corkin View Beach House
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